Between 1788 and 1850 the English sent oer 162,000 convicts to Australia in 806 ships. The graduation eleven of these ships are today known as the freshman exit and it carried convicts, marines, crewman, officials and children. chieftain James Cook discovered the vitamin E seacoast of New Holland (Australia) in 1770 and named it New S kayoedh Wales. As more than pack were moving to the city, Britain got more crowded. More great deal were unemployed and went broke. So they started to commit more crimes, which overcrowded the goals and hulks. After the American Revolution, the English couldnt maneuver more convicts over to America. They didnt want to turn on the convicts over to Africa because of all(prenominal) the diseases and it was to hot. So they decided to create a advanced penal colony on the land discovered by Captain James Cook. Australia was chosen because it was surrounded by urine and it would be hard for the convicts to escape. there are nearby islands which could be utilitarian for them .They also wanted to open the Pacific land as a trading base and to start a demur post or a naval base. The British organization solved the problem but it turned out(a) to be the start of a new country. Before 1788, there were at to the lowest degree 750,000 aborigines living in Australia.
These native people had inhabited Australia for more than 10,000 years. Not many of them collect seen white people out front in their life. As more British arrived in Australia, their lands were taken over and they were coerce back into the bush and into the territories of other Aborigines. They cleared out virtually of the Aboriginal ho! mes and trees. This changed their food sources and their living. The Aboriginal culture started to disappear. There were a good deal of wars going between them, many... If you want to get a to the full essay, order it on our website: OrderCustomPaper.com
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