Saturday, January 26, 2019

Alexander Pope’s “The Rape of the Lock” and John Milton’s Paradise Lost Essay

The main female characters in horse parsley popes The Rape of the Lock and John Miltons promised land Lost are seen at primary as extensions of the male characters, at the mercy of supernatural forces. Does their rebellion show that they begin to break the duress of male dominion? A turn e trulyplace of the actions of Eve and Belinda can be seen as rebellion against their get windlers.            Eve, the main female character of John Miltons Paradise Lost, comes to the forefront in Book IX, after she has taken her first independent action, that of finishing the apple. To understand the actions of Eve, it is important to understand Miltons view of the interactions among God, cristal and Eve.  Roberta Martin statesIn Paradise Eve, the mother of mankind, is the participate of a contained, other creative energy that is carefully derivative she herself was derived from ecstasys rib, and she is under exs domination in the hierarc hy of the Fathers perfect Symbolic Eve is subordinate to pass because she is lacking. The Father intends her to be a deliberately limited and go steadyled Other. (61)On Eves first awakening in the garden, the deviance between Adam and herself is made effloresce. While he wonders who he is, and is aware of himself as a differentiated entity, Eve wonders where and what she is, and is non aware of any difference between herself and her surroundings as one with no conception of the severalty of her being, she begins life as an Object, rather than as a Person (Martin, 70).From this perspective, it is clear that Eve is at first fully controlled by the desires of Adam and of God, her join Creators. It is not until, daring to become a Person,  she expresses her feature desires then, further defying her masters, she chooses to eat the fruit of the Tree of Knowledge. She begins, tentatively, to have opinions of her sustain and thoughts as to how the Garden should make for she starts innocently, with a suggestion as to how the work should be done.            Let us divide our labors, thou where choice            Leads thee, or where most needs, whether to wind                        With Myrtle, come what to redress till Noon            Our task we choose, what wonder if so near,            Looks interact and smiles, or object new            Casual Discourse draws on, which intermits            Our days work brought to so little, though begun            Early, and thhour of Supper comes unearnd. (Milton, 209).Adam objects sapiently to this suggestion, leaving no d oubt that Eve has gone against his wishes for, perhaps, the first time. for naught lovelier can be found In Woman/than to study home plate good,/and good works in her Husband to promote (Milton, 209). And heretofore, he concedes sadly, exclusively if much converse perhaps/Thee satiate, to short absence I could yield. /For purdah sometimes is best society/And short retirement urges sweet commit (Milton, 209). Eve has won her first, sm all told battle that for time on her own, without the company of Adam, whom she was conceived as Companion for.            Adam is not yet done attempting to roll his will, and Gods will, over Eve.            But God left superfluous the Will, for what obeysReason            , is free and Reason he made right,But supplicate her well beware and still erect,Lest by some fair coming into court good surprisd,She dic tate false, and misinform the WillTo do what God expressly hath forbid. (Milton, 212)Eve is, here, to be allowed some freedom of her will, but only if it is inwardly the rules already outlined for her. Temptation follows in the form of the Serpent and she defies the wishes of Adam and of God, and eats the Fruit she has been forbidden. This is her greatest act of rebellion, and the point at which she throws by the chains of her Creation. She gains the knowledge that had been forbidden her she conceives of a desire, that of being an equal. She ponders In distaff Sex, the more to draw his Love,/ and render me more equal, and perhaps,/ a thing not undesirable, sometime/Superior, for inferior who is free? (Milton, 225)Suddenly aware of the possibility of her own death, she resolves to share the knowledge she has gained with Adam, for So dear I love him, that with him all deaths/I could endure, without him live no life. (Milton 225) So choosing the path of love over the path of knowled ge, she feeds the fruit to Adam, and brings the wrath of the Creator down upon their heads. Milton is not depicted object to let Eves transgression, that of throwing off the patriarchal rule and allowing her own will to become paramount, pass lightly. For he closes, Thus it shall be cutpurse/Him who to deserving in Woman overtrusting/Lets her Will rule. (Milton 234).            If Eve is a creation of Adam and God, Belinda is a creation of Mans conception of Woman, and the object of a struggle between Man and the supernatural. Rising only late in the morning, she spends hours at her toilet, grooming obsessively in order to meet her admirers. Pope inquires            Say what strange motive, goddess Could compel            A well-bred lord tassault a gentle belle?            O say what stranger cause, yet une xplored,            Could make a gentle belle reject a lord? (Pope, 28)Belinda is the heartfelt of the sylphs, for her purity and dishful are made in their image. One whispers to her as she lies sleeping Know farther yet whoever fair and chaste/Rejects mankind, is by some sylph embraced/For spirits, freed from mortal laws, with ease/Assume what sexes and what shapes they please (Pope, 29).When she ventures out, all fall to her charms, including the might Belinda smiled, and all the world was gay (Pope, 32). All, that is, except the Sylph, who sees in the Baron a rival for Belindas affections. The Baron conceives of a plan to seize a lock from Belindas unsuspecting head, thus despoiling her. Despite the complaint of the Sylphs, he succeeds He takes the gift with reverence and extends/the little engine on his finger ends /This just behind Belindas neck he spread, /As oer the fragrant steams she bends her head (Pope, 38).The sylphs are raging Not Cynthia, when her manteaus pinned awry/Eer felt much(prenominal) rage, resentment and despair,/ As thou, sad virgin for thy ravished hair. (Pope, 39). The spirits desert Belinda, and she is left at the mercy of new knowledge of love bereft of her beauty with the lock of hair, she falls into a dark despair, abandoning her previous beauty government and descending into slovenliness. Driven to rage, she attacks the Baron for his unforgivably churlish act knock against fierce Belinda on the baron flies,With more than usual lightning in her eyes,Nor feared the main(prenominal) thunequal fight to try,But this bold lord with man-sized strength subduedNow meet thy feate, incensed Belinda cried,And drew a deadly bodkin from her side. (Pope, 45)            Belinda, in rebellion against the desires of Man, throws off the strictures of her previous habit as Virgin and takes the persona of Warrior. Restore the lock is Belindas emit she desires what has been taken from her to be returned, as she desires to return to her previous state of innocence. Belinda is not a puppet of the supernatural nor of Man her rebellion is against the unending process of maturity and gained knowledge, not against the machinations of those who would control her. Belinda has elect the supernatural rather than the control of Man, and has wrested control of her Self back from the man who would control her. She is still a creature of Mans conception, but she is no longer a creature for Mans desire.            Eve and Belinda represent two very different views of female rebellion and independence. Eve, in choosing to perform an action expressly forbidden by her creators, has chosen the path of opposition Belinda has chosen the control of one of her creators, rejecting the path of the other, who held himself in opposition to the firsts wishes. Belinda has chosen the path not of rebellion, but o f total rejection of the assertion of Mans control.Works CitedPope, Alexander. The Poetry of Pope A Selection. newfangled York Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1954.Martin, Roberta C. How Came I Thus? Adam and Eve in the Mirror of the Other.College Literature, 27.2 (2000) 57-79.Milton, John. Paradise Lost. New York Odyssey Press, 1962.

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