Friday, May 31, 2019

Sex Offenders- Four Domains of Criminogenic Needs Assessment Essay

This essay begins with the introduction of the Risk-Needs-Responsivitiy Model which was developed to assess offending and allow effective rehabilitation and treatment (Andrews & Bonta, 2007). The R-N-R model remains the only empirically validated guide for criminal justice hindrances that aim to help offenders (Polashek, 2012, p.1) consisting of three principles which atomic number 18 associated with reductions in recidivism of up to 35% (Andrew & Bonta, 2010) risk, need and responsivity. Firstly, the risk principle predicts the offenders risk level of reoffending based on static and dynamic factors, and then matched to the degree of intervention needed. Secondly, the R-N-R targets individuals criminogenic needs, in relation to dynamic factors. Lastly, the responsivity principle responds to specific responsivity e.g. individual needs and general responsivity rehabilitation provided on evidence-based programming (Vitopoulous et al, 2012).This R-N-R model result be used to assess t he case of Jamie Wilson, focusing on the assessment of his criminogenic needs in relation to his offence, as changing these dynamic factors can cut out the probability of recidivism (Andrew & Bonta, 2010). Furthermore, this essay will consider the risk and responsivity in regards to Jamie Wilsons case. Jamie aged 27, has been convicted of a rape of a child and sentenced to eight years custody. The victim aged 12, was approached by Jamie on the way home from school and sexually assaulted. Jamie has no previous convictions of this type however he has convictions for shop-theft, drinking and driving with no insurance. The needs principle of the R-N-R consists of four domains of criminogenic needs as discussed below. The first domain degenerate sexual interest ... ...on And Violent Behaviour, 5(5), 491-507. doi10.1016/S1359-1789(98)00036-6Weldon, S., & Gilchrist, E. (2012). Implicit Theories in sexual Partner Violence Offenders. Journal Of Family Vioence, 27(8), 761-772. doi10.1007 /s10896-012-9465-xWitt, P., Greenfield, D., & Hiscox, S. (2008). Cognitive/behavioural approaches to the treatment adult sex offenders. Journal of Psychiatry & Law, 36(2), 245-269, retrieved from EBSCOhostWorling, J .(2012). The assessment and treatment of deviant sexual arousal with adolescents who have offended sexually. Journal of Sexual Aggression, 18(1), 36-63. doi 10.1080/13552600.2011.630152Worling, J. (2006). Assessing Sexual Arousal with Adolescent Males Who Have Offended Sexually Self- Report and unobtrusively Measured Viewing Time. Sexual Abuse A Journal Of Research & Treatment, 18(4), 383-400. doi 10.1007/s11194-006-9024-1

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